Kenya’s surprising baby boom of 200 elephants!
The wildlife researcher diligently marks his notepad as the elephants come into view, eager to not miss a single one in his count. Meanwhile the pilot, flying high in a helicopter above Kenya’s Amboseli park, circles around the herd to reveal a clearer view of the pack — and an extremely rare set of twin baby elephants among them. “The last time Kenya recorded elephant twins was 40 years ago,” Najib Balala, Kenya’s tourism minister, says over the crackly headphone set. In the span of the pandemic, Kenya has seen a baby boom of over 200 elephants, or “Covid gifts” as Balala calls them. But although some animals have thrived in the less crowded parks during the pandemic, Covid-19 has had a devastating impact on conservation on the African continent and the millions of livelihoods which depend on ecotourism.
In March 2020, Kenya abruptly closed its border in an effort to curb the spread of the virus. The country’s billion-dollar tourism industry came to a screeching halt, losing over 80% of revenue. It is not expected to recover until 2024, says Balala. “Can tourism survive until 2024? We need to rethink and remodel our way of doing things so that we can survive until tourism re-bounces,” he tells CNN. That question has triggered Kenya’s most ambitious conservation effort yet: counting every single animal and marine life in all 58 national parks across the country for the first time ever. The great wildlife census will be critical to understanding and protecting the more than 1,000 species which are native to Kenya, some of which have seen alarming population declines over the last few decades, according to scientists.
Using GPS trackers, aircraft, camera traps and significant manpower, Kenya’s Wildlife Service (KWS) will count everything from the regal giraffe to the endearing cat-sized dik-dik over three months. They will focus on rare species, including the pangolin — often illegally traded– the sitatunga antelope, aardvarks and hedgehogs, none of which have ever been counted before.
This level of unprecedented data will help Kenya better understand its wildlife and the various threats facing it today — such as climate change, human-wildlife conflict and shrinking habitats amid the growing competition for land use. For decades, the Maasai people have given up land for some of Kenya’s most famous parks. Noah Lemaiyan — a herdsman clad in a red and blue shawl — lives on the outskirts of Amboseli. Since the tourists stopped coming, he says, the income for his village has dried up. “Women used to make bracelets and necklaces,” he says. “But now we have to sell one cow to buy food.”